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BGP Tools, Utilities, Software

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Always handy:
Cisco BGP Features Roadmap
Cisco IOS BGP Commands
JunOS BGP Configuration Guidelines
JunOS BGP Configuration Statements
Quagga Routing Documentation
OpenBGPD Manual Pages
Understanding IP Addressing
BGP Large Communities
IPv4 Netmask Table
IPv4 CIDR Prefix Sizes
The RFC Archive

 BGP Articles, BGP Links, BGP Whitepapers

Related Reading
BGP Presentations
BGP Security & ISP Core Security
BGP Routing Books

Related Software Tools
BGP Tools, Utilities, Software
BGP Looking Glasses & Route Servers

4-Octet AS Specific BGP Extended Community
IETF RFC 5668, Y. Rekhter, S. Sangli, D. Tappan, Oct 2009

A BGP-based Mechanism for Lowest-Cost Routing
Joan Feigenbaum et al, 2002

A BGP Solver for Hot-Potato Routing Sensitivity Analysis
B. Quoitin, S. Tandel, 2005

A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)
IETF RFC 4271, Y. Rekhter, Ed., T. Li, Ed., S. Hares, Ed., Jan 2006

A Cooperative Approach to Interdomain Traffic Engineering
Bruno Quoitin, Olivier Bonaventure, Apr 2005

A Critial View of the Sensitivity of Transit ASes to Internal Failures
Steve Uhlig, Sébastien Tandel, Jul 2005

A Framework for Resilient Internet Routing Protocols
Dan Pei, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Nov 2003

A Look at Multihoming and BGP
Iljitsch van Beijnum, Aug 2002

A Measurement Framework for Pin-Pointing Routing Changes
Renata Teixeira, Jennifer Rexford, Sep 2004

A Model of BGP Routing for Network Engineering
Nick Feamster, Jared Winick, Jennifer Rexford, Jun 2004

A Pragmatic Report on IPv4 Address Space Consumption
Tony Hain, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Sep 2005

A Secure Role-based Address Allocation and Distribution Mechanism
Damien Leroy, Olivier Bonaventure, Dec 2007

A Simplified Formal Specification for BGP
Dan Pei, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Nov 2004

A Study of BGP Path Vector Route Looping Behavior
Dan Pei, Xiaoliang Zhao, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Mar 2004

A Study of Packet Delivery Performance During Routing Convergence
D. Pei, L.Wang, D. Massey, S. F. Wu, L. Zhang, Nov 2003

A Study of the Interaction of BGP/OSPF in Zebra/ZebOS/Quagga
Avinash Ramanath, Aug 2004

A Study on BGP AS Path Characteristics
Xiaoliang Zhao, Beichuan Zhang, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Aug 2004

A Study on Routing Behavior of Latin America Networks
Xiaoliang Zhao, Daniel Massey, Dan Pei, Lixia Zhang, Oct 2003

Achieving Sub-50 Milliseconds Recovery Upon BGP Peering Link Failures
Olivier Bonaventure, Clarence Filsfils, Pierre Francois, Oct 2005

Acquisition, Modelling and Visualisation of Inter-domain Routing Data
Pedro Andrés Aranda Gutiérrez, Paul Malone, Mícheál ÓFoghlú, Stefan Michaelis, Jörn Seger, 2004

Allocations vs Announcements
Column, Geoff Huston, Feb 2004

An Algorithmic Approach to Identifying Link Failures
Mohit Lad, Akash Nanavati, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Mar 2004

An Analysis of BGP Multiple Origin AS (MOAS) Conflicts
X. Zhao, D. Pei, L. Wang, D. Massey, A. Mankin, S.F. Wu, L. Zhang, Nov 2001

An Analysis of BGP Update Burst during Slammer Attack
Mohit Lad, Xiaoliang Zhao, Beichuan Zhang, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Dec 2003

An Analysis of Convergence Delay in Path-Vector Routing Protocols
Dan Pei, Beichuan Zhang, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, Feb 2006

An Analysis of Path Vector Convergence Algorithms
Dan Pei, Beichuan Zhang, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Mar 2004

An Empirical Study of "Bogon" Route Advertisements
Nick Feamster, Jaeyeon Jung, Hari Balakrishnan, Jan 2005

Analyzing BGP Policies: Methodology and Tool
Georgos Siganos, Michalis Faloutsos, 2003

Analyzing the BGP Routing Table
Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ) Article by Geoff Huston, Mar 2001

Anycast Routing on the Internet
John Kristoff, Dec 2003

Application of BGP Communities
Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ) Article by Kris Foster, Sep 2003

Archived BGP Routes

AS112 Setup and Configuration Howto for Capturing RFC-1918 Traffic
Howto, Chagres Technologies, Inc., 2003

ASN32 or 32-bit (4-byte) Autonomous System Number FAQ
Maintained by RIPE NCC

Automated Provisioning of BGP Customers
Joel Gottlieb et al, Nov/Dec 2003

Automating the iBGP Organization in Large IP Networks
Virginie Van den Schrieck, Dec 2007

Autonomous System Numbers Assignments
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

BBGP (Beyond BGP) Project
Collaboration between UCLA, USC/ISI, and University of Oregon

Beyond CIDR Aggregation
Patrick Verkaik et al, Feb 2004

Beyond Interdomain Reachability
Olivier Bonaventure et al, Workshop on Internet Routing Evolution and Design, Oct 2003

BGP & IP Networking Resources

BGP-based Interdomain Traffic Engineering
Bruno Quoitin, Aug 2006

BGP Beacons
Z. Morley, Randy Bush, Timothy G. Griffin, Matthew Roughan, Oct 2003

BGP Case Studies

BGP Cheat Sheet

BGP Data Analysis Project (BDAP)
Mathematics and Computer Science Department, Clarkson University

BGP Dynamics during Route Flap Damping
Beichuan Zhang, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, Aug 2003

BGP Essentials: The Protocol That Makes The Internet Work
Ivan Pepelnjak, Nov 2007

BGP for Internet Service Providers Tutorial
Philip Smith, Dec 2001

BGP Introduction
David Fleming

BGP Monitor
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

BGP News, Hints, and Tips
Maintained by Ruud de Rooij

BGP Resources
Maintained by Iljitsch van Beijnum

BGP Routing Changes: Merging Views from Two ISPs
Renata Teixeira, Sharad Agarwal, Jennifer Rexford, Oct 2005

BGP Routing Policies in ISP Networks
Matthew Caesar, Jennifer Rexford, Mar 2005

BGP Routing Stability of Popular Destinations
J. Rexford, J. Wang, Z. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Nov 2002

BGP Section at Cisco Technical Support section

BGP Support for Four-octet AS Number Space
IETF RFC 4893, Q. Vohra, E. Chen, May 2007

BGP Table Statistics

BGP Troubleshooting Flowchart (Cisco)
Cisco Systems, Jun 2003

BGP Wedgies
IETF RFC 4264, T. Griffin, G. Huston, Nov 2005

BGP Wedgies
Column, Geoff Huston, Sep 2004

BGP-RCN: Improving Convergence through Root Cause Notification
Dan Pei, Matt Azuma, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, 2004

BGP-4 Protocol Patterns and Their Impact on QoS Behavior
Pedro A. Aranda Gutiérrez, 2004

BGP4 Case Studies / Tutorial
Sam Halabi, Cisco Systems, Jan 1996

Bogon IPs
Completewhois Project

Bogus ASN Report - Updated every hour
Maintained by Team Cymru

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Capability Codes
Technical specifications, Maintained by IANA

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Data Collection Standard Communities
Technical specifications, Maintained by IANA

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Extended Communities Types
Technical specifications, Maintained by IANA

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Parameters
Technical specifications, Maintained by IANA

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Well-Known Communities
Technical specifications, Maintained by IANA

Border Gateway Protocol - The Language of the Internet
Yvonne Tracy, Sans InfoSec Reading Room, Apr 2002

BorderGuard: Detecting Cold Potatoes from Peers
Nick Feamster, Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Jennifer Rexford, Oct 2004

Building an AS-Topology Model that Captures Route Diversity
Wolfgang Mühlbauer, Olaf Maennel, Steve Uhlig

CAIDA Routing Analysis Data
Cooperative Association for Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA)

Characterizing the Internet Hierarchy from Multiple Vantage Points
Sharad Agarwal et al, Jun 2002

Checking for Optimal Egress Points in iBGP Routing
Marc-Olivier Buob, Mickael Meulle, Steve Uhlig, Oct 2007

Maintained by Hank Nussbacher

CIDR Report
Maintained by Tony Bates and Philip Smith, updated daily

Classifying the Types of Autonomous Systems in the Internet
Xenofontas Dimitropoulos, Dmitri Krioukov, George Riley, KC Claffy

Collecting the Internet AS-level Topology
Beichuan Zhang, Raymond Liu, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, Jan 2005

Comparison of iBGP Topologies
Virginie Van den Schriek, Olivier Bonaventure, Oct 2005

Configuring BGP
Cisco Systems

Constructing a DNS-based Client Redirector for Generic Load Balancing
Marie Charisse L. Gascon, Clifford Ian G. Lim, William Yu, Pierre Tagle, 2004

Coordinated Route Flap Dampening Parameters
Maintained by João Damas

Correctness Properties for Internet Routing
Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, Sep 2005

Demystifying BGP
Jeffrey Papen, Linux Magazine Article, May 2003

Design and Implementation of a Routing Control Platform
Matthew Caesar, Donald Caldwell, Nick Feamster, Jennifer Rexford, May 2005

Designing BGP-based Outbound Traffic Engineering Techniques for Stub ASes
Steve Uhlig, Olivier Bonaventure, Oct 2004

Destination Reachability and BGP Convergence Time
Beichuan Zhang, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, Dec 2004

Detecting BGP Configuration Faults with Static Analysis
Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, May 2005

Detection of Invalid Routing Announcements in the Internet
X. Zhao, D. Pei, L. Wang, D. Massey, A. Mankin, S.F. Wu, L. Zhang, 2002

Dijkstra Shortest Path Algorithm (Java Applet)
Carla Laffra

Discovery of Internet Topology through Active Probing
Gregory Culpin, Aug 2006

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks
Renata Teixeira, Aman Shaikh, Tim Griffin, Jennifer Rexford, Jun 2004

Experimental Study of Internet Stability and Wide-Area Backbone Failures
Craig Labovitz, Abha Ahuja, Farnam Jahanian, Nov 1998

Exploring Autonomous System Numbers
Geoff Huston, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Mar 2006

Fast Scoped Rerouting for BGP
Roland Bless, Götz Lichtwald, Markus Schmidt, Martina Zitterbart, Sep-Oct 2003

Finding a Needle in a Haystack: Pinpointing Significant BGP Routing Changes in an IP Network
Jian Wu, Z. Morley Mao, Jennifer Rexford, Jia Wang, May 2005

Finite State Machines for BGP
Dan Pei, Dan Massey, Lixia Zhang, Nov 2004

Flamingo: Visualizing Internet Traffic
Jon Oberheide, Michael Goff, Manish Karir, Merit Network Inc., 2006

Frequently Asked Questions on Multi-homing and BGP
Connect Internet Solutions

FRTR: A Scalable Mechanism for Global Routing Table Consistency
Lan Wang, Daniel Massey, Keyur Patel, Lixia Zhang, Dec 2003

Geographic Locality of IP Prefixes
Michael J. Freedman, Mythili Vutukuru, Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, Oct 2005

Geographic Properties of Internet Routing
Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Venkata N. Padmanabhan, Randy H. Katz, Jun 2002

Globally Distributed Content (Using BGP to Take Over the World)
Simon Horman, Nov 2001

Graph Overlays on Path Vector: A Possible Next Step in BGP
Russ White, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Jun 2005

GRH: Hunting Down Ghost Routes in the IPv6 Routing Tables

Guidelines for Interdomain Traffic Engineering
Nick Feamster, Jay Borkenhagen, Jennifer Rexford, 2001-2003

HLP: A Next Generation Inter-domain Routing Protocol
Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Matthew Caesar, Cheng Tien Ee, Mark Handley, Nov 2004

How to Construct a Correct and Scalable iBGP Configuration
Mythili Vutukuru, Paul Valiant, Swastik Kopparty, Hari Balakrishnan, Apr 2006

How to Extract BGP Peering Information from the Internet Routing Registry
Giuseppe Di Battista Tiziana Refice, Massimo Rimondini, Sep 2006

Hunting the Bogon
Column, Geoff Huston, Apr 2004

Identifying BGP Routing Table Transfers
Beichuan Zhang, Vamsi Kambhampati, Mohit Lad, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, 2005

IETF Inter-Domain Routing Working Group (IDR)
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

IETF Routing Area web page

IETF Multihoming by IPv6 Intermediation Working Group (shim6)
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)

Impact of BGP Dynamics on Router CPU Utilization
Sharad Agarwal et al, Apr 2004

Implications of Autonomy for the Expressiveness of Policy Routing
Nick Feamster, Ramesh Johari, Hari Balakrishnan, Aug 2005

Implications of Interdomain Traffic Characteristics on Traffic Engineering
Steve Uhlig, Olivier Bonaventure, Jan 2002

Implications of the Topological Properties of Internet Traffic on Traffic Engineering
Steve Uhlig et al, Mar 2004

Improving BGP Convergence with Consistency Assertions
D. Pei, L. Wang, X. Zhao, D. Massey, L. Zhang, A. Mankin, 2002

In Search for an Appropriate Granularity to Model Routing Policies
Wolfgang Mühlbauer, Steve Uhlig, Bingjie Fu, Mickael Meulle, Olaf Maennel, Aug 2007

Inferring AS Relationships: Dead End or Lively Beginning?
Xenofontas Dimitropoulos, Dmitri Krioukov, Bradley Huffaker, KC Claffy, George Riley, 2005

Interconnection, Peering and Settlements-Part I
Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ) Article by Geoff Huston, Mar 1999

Interconnection, Peering and Settlements-Part II
Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ) Article by Geoff Huston, Jun 1999

Inter-Domain Internet Research Forum (IDRF)
IST Intermon project

Interdomain Routing Streams
Timothy G. Griffin, Zhuoqing Morley Mao, 2004

Interdomain Traffic Engineering with Minimal BGP Configurations
Steve Uhlig et al, Sep 2003

Internet Exchanges: Enabling Local Online Communities
Keith Mitchell, Apr 2006

Internet Routing Registry (IRR)
Merit Networks, Inc.

IP Address Space Consumption
Geoff Huston, Mar 2005

IP Addressing Schemes: A Comparison of Geographic and Provider-based IP Address Schemes
Column, Geoff Huston, Dec 2004

IP Network Configuration for Intradomain Traffic Engineering
Anja Feldmann, Jennifer Rexford, Sep/Oct 2001

IPv4 Address Allocation and the BGP Routing Table Evolution
Xiaoqiao Meng, Zhiguo Xu, Beichuan Zhang, Geoff Huston, Songwu Lu, Lixia Zhang, 2005

IPv4 Address Consumption
Iljitsch van Beijnum, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Sep 2007

IPv4 Address Depletion
Geoff Huston, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Sep 2007

IPv4 Address Space Allocations
Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

IPv4 - How Long Do We Have?
Geoff Huston, Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Dec 2003

IPv4 Multihoming Practices and Limitations
IETF RFC 4116, J. Abley, K. Lindqvist, E. Davies, B. Black, V. Gill, Jul 2005

IPv6 BGP Filter Recommendations
Maintained by Gert Döring

IPv6 BGP Setup Tutorial for Cisco, Zebra, Quagga, Juniper, PacketOS
The OCCAID public self-education network backbone

IPv6 Deployment in Internet Exchange Points (IXPs)
IETF 5963, R. Gagliano, Aug 2010

Juniper Routing Policy and Firewall Filters Article by Gary Drenan, Aviva Garrett, Cris Morris, Jan 2003

JunOS Loose ISP Prefix Filter Template
Maintained by Stephen Gill

JunOS Strict ISP Filter Prefix Template
Maintained by Stephen Gill

Learning-Based Anomaly Detection in BGP Updates
Jian Zhang, Jennifer Rexford, Joan Feigenbaum, Apr 2005

Link-Rank: A Graphical Tool for Capturing BGP Routing Dynamics
Mohit Lad, Lixia Zhang, Dan Massey, Apr 2004

Macroscopic view of the AS Core Network, 2002-2003

Mapping the IPv4 Address Space
The Measurement Factory

Measurement of Highly Active Prefixes in BGP
Ricardo V. Oliveira, Rafit Izhak-Ratzin, Beichuan Zhang, Lixia Zhang, 2005

Measuring the Effects of Internet Path Faults on Reactive Routing
Nick Feamster, David Andersen, Hari Balakrishnan, M. Frans Kaashoek, Jun 2003

Mechanism Design for Policy Routing
Joan Feigenbaum, Rahul Sami, Scott Shenker, Nov 2003

Modeling the Routing of an Autonomous System with C-BGP
Bruno Quoitin, Steve Uhlig, Nov 2005

Morpheus: Enabling Flexible Interdomain Routing Policies
Yi Wang, Ioannis Avramopoulos, Jennifer Rexford, Oct 2007

Column, Geoff Huston, May 2004

Multi-Homing and Identity in IPv6
Column, Geoff Huston, Jun 2004

Multi-homing with BGP on Cisco
David H. Dennis

Multi-Homing: Connecting to Two ISPs Article by Vincent C. Jones, Sep 2001

Multiplexing BGP Sessions with BGP-Mux
Vytautas Valancius, Nick Feamster, Dec 2007

NANOG ISP Filter Policies / Merit Network Inc.

NANOG ISP Resources / Merit Network Inc.

Negotion-Based Routing
Ratul Mahajan, Workshop on Internet Routing Evolution and Design, Oct 2003

Netflow to Guard the Infrastructure: A Tutorial
Yann Berthier, NANOG-39 Meeting, Feb 2007

Netscope: Traffic Engineering for IP Networks
Anja Feldmann et al, Mar/Apr 2000

Network Sensitivity to Hot-Potato Disruptions
Renata Teixeira, Aman Shaikh, Tim Griffin, Geoffrey M. Voelker, Aug 2004

Network Sensitivity to Intradomain Routing Changes
Ph.D. Dissertation, Renata Teixeira, Aug 2005

Network-Wide BGP Route Prediction for Traffic Engineering
Nick Feamster, Jennifer Rexford, Aug 2002

Network-Wide Decision Making: Toward a Wafer-Thin Control Plane
Jennifer Rexford et al, Nov 2004

Network-Wide Prediction of BGP Routes
Nick Feamster, Jennifer Rexford, 2006

Observation and Analysis of BGP Behavior under Stress
L. Wang, X. Zhao, D. Pei, R. Bush, D.Massey, A. Mankin, S. F. Wu, L. Zhang, 2002

Observing the Evolution of Internet AS Topology
Ricardo Oliveira, Beichuan Zhang, Lixia Zhang, Aug 2007

OCCAID: The Open Contributor's Corporation for Advanced Internet Development
Virtual WAN for learning students so that they can experiment with BGP routing

ON/OFF Model: A New Tool to Understand BGP Update Bursts
Xiaoliang Zhao, Daniel Massey, Mohit Lad, Lixia Zhang, Aug 2004

OPCA: Robust Interdomain Policy Routing and Traffic Control
Sharad Agarwal, Chen-Nee Chuah, Randy H. Katz, Apr 2003

Optimal Configuration for BGP Route Selection
Thomas C. Bressoud, Rajeev Rastogi, Mark A. Smith, IEEE Infocom, 2003

Practical Verification Techniques for Wide-Area Routing
Nick Feamster, Nov 2003

Proactive Techniques for Correct and Predictable Internet Routing
Nick Feamster, Sep 2005

Protecting BGP Routes to Top Level DNS Servers
Lan Wang, Xiaoliang Zhao, Dan Pei, Randy Bush, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, Sep 2003

Quantifying the BGP Routes Diversity Inside a Tier-1 Network
Steve Uhlig, Sébastien Tandel, May 2006

Recommendations for Coordinated Route-flap Damping Parameters
RIPE Routing-WG, Oct 2001

Recommendations on Route Aggregation (RIPE-399)
RIPE Routing Working Group, Dec 2006

Reducing BGP Update Noise - Research Project
Centre for Advanced Internet Architectures (CAIA), Geoff Huston, Grenville Armitage, Mattia Rossi

Report from the IAB Workshop on Routing and Addressing
IETF RFC 4984, D. Meyer, Ed., L. Zhang, Ed., K. Fall, Ed., Sep 2007

Rethinking Routing Configuration: Beyond Stimulus-Response Reasoning
Nick Feamster, Workshop on Internet Routing Evolution and Design, Oct 2003

Revisiting Internet AS-level Topology Discovery
Xenofontas A. Dimitropoulos, Dmitri V. Krioukov, George F. Riley, 2005

RIPE-210 Addendum
Stephen Gill, Sep 2001

RIPE NCC, IP Request Tutorial
RIPE NCC, Sep 2003

RIPE Routing Workgroup

Root Cause Analysis of BGP Dynamics (whitepaper)
Matthew Caesar, L. Subramanian, Randy H. Katz, 2003

Root Cause Analysis of BGP Dynamics (thesis)
Matthew Caesar, Spring 2004

Route Control Platform (RCP) - Architecture and Practical Concerns
Nick Feamster, Jennifer Rexford, Aman Shaikh, Jacobus van der Merwe, 2004

Route Diagnosis in Path Vector Protocols
D. Pei, M. Lad, B. Zhang, D. Massey, L. Zhang, Oct 2004

Route Flap Damping Exacerbates Internet Routing Governance
Zhuoqing Morley Mao, Ramesh Govindan, George Varghese, Randy H. Katz, Aug 2002

Route Views Project Page
Advanced Network Technology Center, University of Oregon

Routing Information Service (RIS)

Routing Pages
Maintained by James Aldridge

Routing Policy Specification Language (RPSL)
IETF RFC 2622, C. Alaettinoglu et al, Jun 1999

Routing Policy Specification Language next generation (RPSLng)
IETF RFC 4012, L. Blunk et al, Mar 2005

Routing Registry Training Courses
for RIPE members only

Running Zebra on a Unix Machine
O'Reilly Network Article by Iljitsch van Beijnum, Nov 2002

Scalable and Accurate Identification of AS-Level Forwarding Paths
Z. Morley Mao et al, Mar 2004

Scalable Route Selection for IPv6 Multihomed Sites
Cédric de Launois, Steve Uhlig, Olivier Bonaventure, May 2005

Scaling Inter-Domain Routing - A View Forward
Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ) Article by Geoff Huston, Dec 2001

Scaling IP Routing with the Core Router-Integrated Overlay
Xinyang Zhang, Paul Francis, Jia Wang, Kaoru Yoshida, Nov 2006

Simple Statistical Analysis Method for the Behaviour of Autonomous Systems
Pedro A. Aranda Gutiérrez, Feb 2010

Slowing Routing Table Growth by Filtering Based on Address Allocation Policies
Steve Bellovin et al, Jun 2001

Solving the Interdomain Routing Puzzle: Understanding Interdomain Routing Dynamics
Zhuoqing Mao, Dissertation, Fall 2003

Some Foundational Problems in Interdomain Routing
Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, Jennifer Rexford, Nov 2004

Special-Use IPv4 Addresses
IETF RFC 3330, IANA, Sep 2002

Stable Internet Routing Without Global Coordination
Lixin Gao, Jennifer Rexford, Dec 2001

Studying Black Holes in the Internet with Hubble
E. Katz-Bassett, H. V. Madhyastha, J. P. John, A. Krishnamurthy, D. Wetherall, T. Anderson, Apr 2008

Table of AS Names Warning: huge list!

Team Cymru BGP Data Page
Team Cymru

The AS112 Project: a solution for ambiguous queries received at root servers

The Case for an Internet Health Monitoring System
Matthew Caesar, Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Randy H. Katz, Jun 2005

The Case for Separating Routing from Routers
N. Feamster, H. Balakrishnan, J. Rexford, Aman Shaikh, J. van der Merwe, Sep 2004

The Impact of BGP Dynamics on Intra-Domain Traffic
Sharad Agarwal et al, Jun 2004

The Impact of Link Failure Location on Routing Dynamics: A Formal Analysis
Xiaoliang Zhao, Beichuan Zhang, Daniel Massey, Andreas Terzis, Lixia Zhang, Apr 2005

The Implications of Autonomy for the Expressiveness of Policy Routing
Nick Feamster, Ramesh Johari, Hari Balakrishnan, Aug 2005

The Missing Links in the BGP-based AS Connectivity Maps
Shi Zhou, Raul J. Mondragon, 2003

The State of Inter-Domain Routing
Column, Geoff Huston, Mar 2004

The Team Cymru Bogon Reference Page
Team Cymru

The Team Cymru Bogon Route Server Project
Team Cymru

Things Multihoming in IPv6 (MULTI6) Developers Should Think About
IETF RFC 4219, E. Lear, Oct 2005

TIE Breaking: Tunable Interdomain Egress Selection
Renata Teixeira, Timothy G. Griffin, Mauricio G.C. Resende, Jennifer Rexford, Feb 2005

Timer Interaction in Route Flap Damping
Beichuan Zhang, Dan Pei, Daniel Massey, Lixia Zhang, 2005

Topology Inference from BGP Routing Dynamics
David G. Andersen, Nick Feamster, Steve Bauer, Hari Balakrishnan, Nov 2002

Towards a Logic for Wide-Area Internet Routing
Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, Aug 2003

Towards an Accurate AS-Level Traceroute Tool
Zhuoqing Morley Mao et al, Aug 2003

Towards Localizing Root Causes of BGP Dynamics
Matthew Caesar, Lakshminarayanan Subramanian, Randy H. Katz, Nov 2003

Towards Realistic Inter-Domain Topology Simulation
Wolfgang Mühlbauer, Nov 2005

Traffic Aware Policy-based Internet Routing
Thesis, Martin Lorensen, Sep 2003

Traffic Engineering Between Neighbouring Domains
Jared Winick, Sugih Jamin, Jennifer Rexford, Jul 2002

Traffic Engineering: Finding the Right Route
Iljitsch van Beijnum, Sep 2002

Traffic Engineering: Local Routing Policy
Iljitsch van Beijnum, Oct 2002

Traffic Matrix Reloaded: Impact of Routing Changes
Renata Teixeira, Nick Duffield, Jennifer Rexford, Matthew Roughan, Mar 2005

Troubleshooting BGP (flowcharts for Cisco devices)
Cisco Systems, 2003

Understanding BGP Behavior through a Study of DOD Prefixes
Xiaoliang Zhao, Mohit Lad, Dan Pei, Lan Wang, Dan Massey, S. Felix Wu, Lixia Zhang, Apr 2003

Understanding BGP Misconfiguration
Ratul Mahajan, May 2002

Understanding the Effect of P2P Overlay on the AS-level Underlay
Amir H. Rasti, Reza Rejaie, Walter Willinger, Dec 2007

Used but Unallocated: Potentially Awkward /8 Assignments
Leo Vegoda, Cisco Internet Protocol Journal (IPJ), Sep 2007

Using Redistribution Communities for Interdomain Traffic Engineering
B. Quoitin et al, Jan 2003

Using the Border Gateway Protocol for Interdomain Routing - BGP Fundamentals
Cisco Systems, May 2003

Using Zebra as a BGP Looking Glass
Australian Academic and Research Network (AARNet), 2002

Verifying the Correctness of Wide-Area Internet Routing
Nick Feamster, Hari Balakrishnan, May 2004

Vers des Réflecteurs de Routes Plus Intelligents (in French)
Steve Uhlig, Cristel Pelsser, Bruno Quoitin, Olivier Bonaventure, Mar 2005

Visual-based Anomaly Detection for BGP Origin AS Change (OASC) Events
S. T. Teoh, K. Ma, S. F. Wu, D. Massey, X. Zhao, D. Pei, L. Wang, L. Zhang, R. Bush, Oct 2003

Waiting for IP version 6
Column, Geoff Huston, Jan 2003

Workshop on Internet Routing Evolution and Design (WIRED)
Workshop held in Oregon, USA, Oct 2003

XORP BGP Routing Daemon
XORP Project, Nov 2003

Zebra, a Free Routing System for Unix Article by Mike Metzger, Oct 2000


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